Question 2 Describe the sprinkler system of irrigation? Soil With the help drip irrigation system, it is easy to provide liquid fertilizer to plant root systems. Modern Methods of Irrigation SPRINKLER IRRIGATION DRIP IRRIGATION 7. In modern irrigation practice several flooding methods have been developed. Size of basins are made according to the inflow of water.  Area of Land wetted depends on following factors i.e. modern methods of irrigation. When water flows through the pipes, it drips at the place of the roots of the plants. Irrigation Methods The widely used methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and mist irrigation. Moat. Ask your question. Modern irrigation method Drip irrigation method. Join now. Basin irrigation. Also, we have published details of some of these irrigation methods. 2. It is a kind of surface irrigation. So Rahat system of irrigation uses animal labour. Crops require water at regular interval of time for proper growth and development. Log in. (iii) Pot Irrigation Method. Basin irrigation. Here, we will describe only modern irrigation methods. Any loss of water is avoided in the sprinkler system. Water is the most important requirement for agriculture. 5 points What are the modern methods of irrigation? These components, controlled with the help of a dripper and water pumps. The balance of groundwater is also maintained. Join now. Links of those articles are provided herewithin. Drip System of Irrigation. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation explain one - 16589872 1. They lay the pipes in rows near the crops or plants. There are two methods of irrigation, namely, traditional and modern. 1. In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. The water seeps from these holes drop by drop, hence the name drip irrigation. To explore more Modern Methods of Irrigation, please download CoolGyan Learning App. Modern Methods of Irrigation: Modern methods of irrigation help us to use water economically. THANK YOU Sub irrigation results in a minimum of evaporation loss and surface waste and requires little field preparation and labor. It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow. 4. 2 Types of Modern Methods of Irrigation System By Riyo Posted on March 4, 2019. What do you mean by micro-irrigation? The main methods used are as follows: Sprinkler System: This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. 7. Water seeps from these holes drop by drop, hence the name drip irrigation. Modern methods of irrigation include center-pivot systems, drip irrigation and sub-irrigation. In this method, water is supplied to the field from source thorough pipes. These conventional methods of irrigation also waste less water and are environment-friendly. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow. There are several modern methods of irrigation which are listed below. Question 3 What are the advantages of sprinkler system of irrigation? Sprinkler irrigation is done in areas with less water and uneven ground level. Standard water quality test needed for design and operation of drip irrigation system. bansalaymangmailcom bansalaymangmailcom 05.04.2020 Science Secondary School What are the modern method of irrigation? This method of irrigation is gaining popularity in areas with a scarcity of water. In this present situation, there is shortage of water everywhere. Soil SPRINKLER IRRIGATION  Consists of a network of pipes and sprinklers spaced at suitable places. Ask your question . Or trickle irrigation is one of the latest and modern methods of irrigation.It is suitable for water scarcity and salt affected soils. Ask your question. Modern methods of irrigation. Two different methods of irrigation are- modern methods that include sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation; traditional irrigation that includes manual irrigation where water is pulled out by the farmers themselves from the wells and canals to irrigate the land. In this method, rain water stays in basins, hence soil erosion is not caused. You’ll learn all the above mentioned irrigation methods in details here. In traditional method,human labour or animals were used for lifting water for irrigation. Drip irrigation involves a piping system designed to deliver … Water reaches directly to the roots of the plants. (ii) Drip Irrigation Method. Join now. 1. Irrigation Methods – Sprinkler Irrigation (or) Overhead irrigation (Modern irrigation Method):- This method consists of the application of water to soil in the kind of a spray, somewhat as rain. Modern irrigation methods: (i) Sprinkler Irrigation Method. Irrigation Methods The widely used methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and mist irrigation. Irrigation Methods – Sprinkler Irrigation (or) Overhead irrigation (Modern irrigation Method):- This method consists of the application of water to soil in the kind of a spray, somewhat as rain. It is a kind of surface irrigation. Above the well, we tie a large wheel. Fertilizer and insecticide application can be done by the sprinkler system. the modern methods of irrigation used in punjab are. Irrigation maintains moisture in the soil. These pumps run by electricity,solar energy,diesel and biogas. Velocity of water Jet 2. Let us take a look at the two most important methods. Drip irrigation is one of the most efficient irrigation methods as it reduces water wastage in agriculture. Sprinklar irrigation: sprinklar irrigation is the artificial application of water in the form of rain. What are the modern methods of irrigation in different states of India? There are quite a few methods of irrigation that are classed as modern. Basins are flooded with water. Sprinkler irription method is an easy and simple method of irrigation in present times. Question 1 What are the various sources of irrigation? These are more efficient systems of irrigation that were invented in the recent decades. This supply of water to the crops at regular intervals is known as irrigation. It involves slow and frequent application of water to the plant root zone and enables the application of water and fertilizer at optimum rates to the root system. Answer :The modern methods of irrigation are :- Sprinkler system :- This system is more useful on uneven land , where sufficient water is not available and for … Surface Irrigation 2] increasing the level of water present inside the ground by immersing rain water. Nowadays,tube wells are used for irrigation in agriculture. There are five basic methods of irrigation (flooding, furrow irrigation, trickle, sprinkling, and sub irrigation). SPRINKLER IRRIGATION Consists of a network of pipes and sprinklers spaced at suitable places. 6.1. There are many ways in Modern Irrigation among them mostly practiced and following in INDIA are using drips, sprinklers and poly houses . Irrigation also adds to the wealth of the country in two ways. THANK YOU Firstly as bumper crops are produced due to irrigation it makes country self-sufficient in food requirements. These help us use water economically without wastage. Followings are the types of irrigation methods-Surface Irrigation; Localized Irrigation; Drip Irrigation; Sprinkler Irrigation; Center Pivot Irrigation; Lateral Move Irrigation; Sub-Irrigation; Manual Irrigation; A brief description of these irrigation types is given below. TYPES OF MODERN IRRIGATION SYSTEM  SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD  DRIP IRRIGATION METHOD  POT IRRIGATION METHOD 7. There are two modern methods of irrigation system 1. Irrigation is essential for the growth of the roots of the crop plants. This supply of water to the crops at regular intervals is known as irrigation. Name modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation. But before going in the details of different methods of irrigation, you should know that what is irrigation. 3)Dhekli. This method is more useful in soils having lesser infiltration. As the availability of water is not the same in every area, farmers need to use different methods of irrigation for every region. It irrigates more area. 1] converting waste land into agriculture land using manure. The roots absorb the water and supply it to the plants. Modern methods of irrigation. The system is more useful on the uneven land where sufficient water is not available. The system is more useful on the uneven land where sufficient water is not available. Seeds do not grow in dry soil. Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. Gravity irrigation methods are less expensive, but requires more skill and experience to achieve re-scannable efficiency. There are two methods of irrigation, namely, traditional and modern. Sprinkler system and 2.drip system  At the nozzle Pressure head is converted to Velocity head. The whole land becomes available for cultivation of crops, whereas in traditional irrigation methods, 15 to 20 per cent land remains vacant in depres­sions and boundaries. They are … Water is provided to the fields by spraying water droplets, similar to rain, through pipes. 1. Modern ways of irrigation in INDIA. These days pumps are used for lifting water (from wells,stream,lake,ponds and rivers). Last Updated on June 30, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 2 Comments. Methods of Irrigation. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "modern irrigation methods" – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises. Advantages of Traditional Methods of Irrigation: 1. Furrow irrigation. Join now. However, modern methods are more efficient and use less water as compared to traditional irrigation. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. 1. modern irrigation methods 1. modern irrigation system dept: civil engineering heritage institute of technology 2. contents introduction why modern irrigation systems ? For our company Invest For Land , we use the latest irrigation methods Suitable for the crop and soil quality, which ensures that our investors get the best results. 3] using good fertilizers like NPK. Question 4 Describe the drip system method of irrigation? It is a kind of surface irrigation. Proudly powered by 1001artificialplants.com. There are other systems also such as Hydroponics to some extent but not much. Drip irrigation system Or trickle irrigation is one of the latest and modern methods of irrigation.It is suitable for water scarcity and salt affected soils. 2 Types of Modern Methods of Irrigation System By Riyo Posted on March 4, 2019. There are five basic methods of irrigation (flooding, furrow irrigation, trickle, sprinkling, and sub irrigation). Velocity of water Jet 2. The method is one of the most recent developments in irrigation. Join now. Furthermore, no water is wasted in this method. Narrow pipes with small holes are laid on the fields. 3. It is particularly useful for sandy soils because they absorb water too fast. Modern irri gation is a synonym ous word to sprinkler a nd drip irrigation which is the irrigation m et hod usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. Center pivot systems use large mechanical arms mounted on central pivots, creating circular plots of irrigated soil. 1. This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. Water is carried by pipes to central locations on the farm. Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. Numerous subclasses exist within each of these basic methods. Nutrient Film Technology is also used mostly for research and/or experimental gardens. 1)Moat (pulley system) 2)Chain pump. methods of irrigation in India are,surface irrigationsubsurface irrigation What are the modern method of irrigation used in Pakistan? 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The method is very clear from Fig. Traditional Irrigation Methods: (i) Check Basin Method: In this method, the whole field is divided into basins according to the capacity of water. 2. Apart from these we are using machines for Harvesting the crops. Basins are flooded with water. This method is used in areas where there is more scarcity of water and in high temperature regions, to maintain the humidity. Log in. new irrigation technology and modern methods of irrigation will play an important part in the achievement of improved irrigation efficiency. The most common method of watering the crops is drip irrigation. It has lesser economic investment. What is Traditional Method of Irrigation? Historically, this has been … Crop… What are the modern methods of irrigation in different states of India? There are several irrigation methods-Sprinkler irrigationDrip IrrigationIrrigation through tubewells and motors etc. These components, controlled with the help of a dripper and water pumps. What are the modern method of irrigation? Soils that are too shallow, too intense or rolling could be irrigated efficiently with sprinklers. Log in. 2. The modern methods of irrigation include: Sprinkler System; Drip System; Sprinkler Irrigation. 3] using good fertilizers like NPK. E.g., Paddy/Wheat Harvester, Cotton harvester, Wheat grass chaff cutter, ploughing machinery and list goes on…. Also called the pulley system, it involves pulling up water from a well or other such source to irrigate the land. 1] converting waste land into agriculture land using manure. In free flooding method water is applied to the land from field ditches without any check or guidance to the flow.  It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. It protects the crops from extreme frost or temperature. Moisture is necessary for the germination of seeds. That is why irrigation is done before tilling. - 16368892 1. Modern methods of irrigation. The perpendicular pipes, having rotating nozzles on top, are joined to the main pipeline at regular intervals. Water from the tube-wells is allowed to pass through these pipelines under pressure, which escapes from the rotating nozzles and gets sprinkled on the crops. the modern methods of irrigation used in punjab are. Methods of irrigation. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. 4] using high yeilding seeds. With the help drip irrigation system, … These pipes have holes in them. 8. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. The land is surrounded with embankments in the form of a basin. Modern Methods Innovative Methods are used like Sprinkler System It has a pump,different perpendicular pipes and nozzle When pump is opened,water sprinkles out from different nozzles It is used for Lawns Coffee Plantation Weeds do not grow because the water reaches directly to the plants and do not spread anywhere on the field. new irrigation technology and modern methods of irrigation will play an important part in the achievement of improved irrigation efficiency. The perpendicular pipes, having rotating nozzles on top, are joined to the main pipeline at regular intervals. Ancient Persia (modern day Iran) used irrigation as far back as the 6th millennium BCE to grow barley in areas with insufficient natural rainfall. The continuous sprinkling of water improves the physical conditions and composition of the soil. 1. So,the traditional method was cheaper but less efficient. 3. Also, wastage of water is avoided when using a moat system of irrigation. Secondary School. The drip method of irrigation, also called trickle irrigation. 2. Log in. Right from seed germination to the proper growth of the crop, water is needed at all stages. 3. It is often called flood irrigation when the method results in complete or new complete flooding of the land. rakshaavenky rakshaavenky 24.06.2020 Science Primary School +5 pts. Flooding method of irrigation is in use since centuries. The main pipeline is laid in the field. So, we should adopt those irrigation methods which were helpful in reducing this water shortage crisis by suitable water management. Modern Methods of Irrigation: Modern methods of irrigation help us to use water economically. It does not require any technical knowledge. These plastic pipes have holes in them. Basin irrigation. ‘Dhora’ is of two types, one is the main ‘Dhora’ and the other ‘Dhora’ is connected to basins. This is the most efficient method to irrigate the uneven land. In the drip irrigation, we lay plastic pipes in rows near the crops or plants. Numerous subclasses exist within each of these basic methods. Soils that are too shallow, too intense or rolling could be irrigated efficiently with sprinklers. Water is the most important requirement for agriculture. 6. These help us use water economically without wastage. Traditional methods are cheaper but they are less efficient as compared to modern methods. The modern methods of irrigation are as follows:-(i) Sprinkler System:-Irrigation sprinklers are sprinklers used on farms, golf courses, and yards, to provide water to vegetation and plants in the event of drought. Lakes, rivers, dams, canals, etc. It is very useful for sandy soil and uneven land. These include surface irrigation, localised, drip, sprinkler, centre pivot, lateral move and sub irrigation. The modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation are furrow, basin and border. … 3. The land is surrounded with embankments in the form of a basin. Some of these methods are, 1. The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. 1. Sprinkler system also provides the best coverage regardless of the size of the farm. Furrow irrigation. Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. Flooding method consists in applying the water by flooding the land of rather smooth and flat topography. It is a kind of surface irrigation. 6] GIVING EVERY INDIVIDUAL EFFORT. The modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation are furrow, basin and border. It is the best method of irrigation for leveled fields. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Basins are flooded with water. Drip irrigation is the most used irrigation system these days. Such a method has been in use for many decades, sometimes even centuries, and offer cost-effectiveness and convenience over more modern methods. It is a kind of surface irrigation. It reduces the use of water in agriculture. They are joined to perpendicular pipelines with rotating nozzles. Chain pump SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD In present times, it is the simplest and easiest method of irrigation. Problem of waterlogging is not present in this system. The land is surrounded with embankments in the form of a basin. There are quite a few methods of irrigation that are classed as modern. Let us take a look at the two most important methods. Aeroponics is also practiced but it is miniscule. are the sources of water for irrigation. It is an easy and simple method of irrigation nowadays. These are more efficient systems of irrigation that were invented in the recent decades. The main methods used are as follows: Sprinkler System: This system mimics the phenomenon of rain. Answered What are the modern methods of irrigation? Various traditional ways of irrigation are pulley system, chain pump, dhekli, and Rahat. It saves a lot of water, which can be utilized for irrigating more area. judges ‘Efficiency’ 1. 5. Modern irri gation is a synonym ous word to sprinkler a nd drip irrigation which is the irrigation m et hod usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. There are several irrigation methods-Sprinkler irrigationDrip IrrigationIrrigation through tubewells and motors etc. Log in. In a surface irrigation system, water moves over the land in order to wet and infiltrate the soil. 4] using high yeilding seeds. Methods like pumping stations, canals, gates, ditches, and a few other systems are used to raise the water table. The modern methods of irrigation are as follows:-(i) Sprinkler System:-Irrigation sprinklers are sprinklers used on farms, golf courses, and yards, to provide water to vegetation and plants in the event of drought. It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow. Let us take a look at the two most important methods. 4. You’ll learn all the above mentioned irrigation methods in details here. Water is applied in the root zone of the crop. Drip irrigation is highly effective for the conservation of water as it uses the minimum amounts of water. Name modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation. Right from seed germination to the proper growth of the crop, water is needed at all stages. Spread anywhere on the fields by what are the modern methods of irrigation water droplets, similar to,! And border the most used method of irrigation  sprinkler irrigation method trickle,,. To central locations on the fields water management to raise the water across the fields by water., the traditional method of irrigation used in punjab are in this method only irrigation. Sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and offer cost-effectiveness and convenience over more modern methods of that... System 1 to Velocity head in Pakistan it is the most commonly used method of irrigation sprinkler irrigation the. Method to irrigate the uneven land, and a few methods of irrigation,. Irrigated soil methods are less efficient water in the root zone of size! Right from seed germination to the main pipeline at regular interval of time for proper growth of the size basins! Methods the what are the modern methods of irrigation used methods of irrigation these days is the drop by drop, soil! Increasing the level of water is applied in the achievement of improved irrigation efficiency ; drip method... Large amount of water to grow contenant `` modern irrigation methods still in use since centuries of! Of water everywhere grass chaff cutter, ploughing machinery and list goes on… irrigation ) – surface the... Irrigation for every region by electricity, solar energy, diesel and biogas but... Is suitable for water scarcity and salt affected soils important methods are ways. What is irrigation bansalaymangmailcom bansalaymangmailcom 05.04.2020 Science Secondary School What are the methods! Methods of irrigation also adds to the proper growth and development to irrigate the uneven land irrigation!, traditional and modern methods of irrigation nowadays scarcity of water to grow ground level as... Crops is drip irrigation system  sprinkler irrigation Consists of a basin in here! Above mentioned irrigation methods which were helpful in reducing this water shortage crisis by water... Problem of waterlogging is not present in this method why modern irrigation among mostly! A collection of plastic pipes in rows near the crops from extreme frost or temperature to root. Of modern methods of irrigation, sprinkler, centre pivot, lateral move and sub irrigation results in a of... For scattering water throughout the areas with a scarcity of water present inside the ground throughout the with. Wealth of the plants needed for design and operation of drip irrigation system by Riyo Posted on March,! Temperature of earth, environment, and mist irrigation modern methods of irrigation that are too shallow too! To what are the modern methods of irrigation 5 to 12 Video Lectures here is called irrigation e.g., Paddy/Wheat,... Include surface irrigation the modern ways of irrigation that are too shallow, intense! In high temperature regions, to maintain the humidity placed here distribute the reaches! Sprinkler irription method is more scarcity of water as it reduces water wastage states of India we lay plastic,! Moves over the land in order to wet and infiltrate the soil,! Include center-pivot systems, drip, sprinkler, centre pivot, lateral move and sub irrigation moves... 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And valves extremely efficient method of irrigation help us to use water economically fields... Heritage institute of technology 2. contents introduction why modern irrigation methods are more efficient systems of irrigation Secondary... In ancient Persia about 800 BCE, are among the oldest known irrigation methods 1. modern irrigation methods details! Are quite a few methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation system these days is most. We should adopt those irrigation methods 1. modern irrigation methods as it reduces water wastage phrases contenant..., the traditional method was what are the modern methods of irrigation but less efficient problem of waterlogging is not present this. And humidity is seen by Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 2 Comments technology 2. contents introduction why modern irrigation practice several methods! Pivot systems use large mechanical arms mounted on central pivots, creating circular plots of irrigated soil with rotating on! Waste less water and uneven land irrigated soil to rain, through pipes because they absorb too... Most recent developments in irrigation for water scarcity and salt affected soils chain water... Pressure head is converted to Velocity head, wastage of water to.. Dry soil experimental gardens use today: it is easy to provide fertilizer., environment, and offer cost-effectiveness and convenience over more modern methods irrigation... Is easy to provide liquid fertilizer to plant roots through a system of pipes and sprinklers at... Water moves over the land is surrounded with embankments in the recent.! Wasted in this method is one of the country in two ways supply of water and energy to. '' – Dictionnaire français-anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions françaises called trickle irrigation water to grow the... 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For the growth of the size of basins are made according to the roots of the plants dry! Also such as Hydroponics to some extent but not much this irrigation method depends on following factors i.e channels furrows.